A a part of the inner state was protected with a defensive position of towers and walls known as Claustra Alpium Iuliarum. A crucial battle between Theodosius I and Eugenius occurred within the Vipava Valley in 394. Slovenia has historically been the crossroads of Slavic, Germanic, and Romance languages and cultures.
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One reflection of this was an attempt at the rejection of a Slavic identity in favour of a «Venetic» one. The autochthonist (protochronist) «Venetic theory» was superior within the mid Nineteen Eighties, but it by no means gained wide forex.
Pay channels like BBC and CNN can be found at many places. The nationwide Radio-television Slovenia (Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTV)) is a public radio and TV broadcaster that operates a system of national and regional radio and TV stations. Slovenia has 35 domestic business TV stations (operating nationally, regionally and locally), and greater than 75 regional and native industrial and noncommercial radio stations.
h century: Slovene Protestant reformation and consolidation of Slovene
By 1945, the total number of Slovene anti-Communist militiamen reached 17,500. During WWII, Nazi Germany and Hungary occupied northern areas (brown and dark green areas, respectively), whereas Fascist Italy occupied the vertically hashed black space, together with Gottschee area. (Solid black western half being annexed by Italy already with the Treaty of Rapallo).
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In April 1990, the first democratic election in Slovenia happened, and the united opposition motion DEMOS led by Jože Pučnik emerged victorious. In 1987 a group of intellectuals demanded Slovene independence in the 57th version of the magazine Nova revija. Demands for democratisation and more Slovenian independence were sparked off. A mass democratic motion, coordinated by the Committee for the Defence of Human Rights, pushed the Communists in the course of democratic reforms.
In total, 36–39% of 399–458 sampled Slovenian males belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup R1a, extra frequent than in South Slavic peoples, constituting forty one% within the capital area and larger in some areas. Slovenian population shows close genetic affiliations with West Slavic populations.
World War I brought heavy casualties to Slovenes, significantly the twelve Battles of the Isonzo, which occurred in current-day Slovenia’s western border space with Italy. Hundreds of thousands of Slovene conscripts have been drafted into the Austro-Hungarian Army, and over 30,000 of them died. Hundreds of hundreds of Slovenes from Gorizia and Gradisca had been resettled in refugee camps in Italy and Austria. While the refugees in Austria acquired decent remedy, the Slovene refugees in Italian camps were handled as state enemies, and several other thousand died of malnutrition and ailments between 1915 and 1918. The 19th century additionally noticed a revival of tradition in the Slovene language, accompanied by a Romantic nationalist quest for cultural and political autonomy.
Individual sports are also very popular in Slovenia, together with tennis and mountaineering, that are two of probably the most widespread sporting activities in Slovenia. Several Slovenian extreme and endurance sportsmen have gained a global popularity, including the mountaineer Tomaž Humar, the mountain skier Davo Karničar, the ultramarathon swimmer Martin Strel and the ultracyclist Jure Robič. Past and present winter sports Slovenian champions embrace Alpine skiers, such as Mateja Svet, Bojan Križaj, and double olympic gold medalist Tina Maze, the cross-nation skier Petra Majdič, and ski jumpers, corresponding to Primož Peterka and Peter Prevc. Boxing has gained reputation since Dejan Zavec received the IBF Welterweight World Champion title in 2009.
On 29 October, independence was declared by a national gathering in Ljubljana, and by the Croatian parliament, declaring the institution of the brand new State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs. The Republic of Venice was dissolved by France and Venetian Slovenia was passed to the Austrian Empire in 1797. The Slovene Lands have been a part of the French-administered Illyrian provinces established by Napoleon, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. Slovenes inhabited most of Carniola, the southern part women of slovenia of the duchies of Carinthia and Styria, the northern and eastern areas of the Austrian Littoral, in addition to Prekmurje within the Kingdom of Hungary. Industrialization was accompanied by development of railroads to hyperlink cities and markets, but the urbanization was restricted.
There are 286 Natura 2000 designated protected areas, which comprise 36% of the country’s land area, the biggest proportion amongst European Union states. Additionally, in accordance with Yale University’s Environmental Performance Index, Slovenia is considered a «robust performer» in environmental safety efforts. Slovenia is located in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. It lies between latitudes 45° and 47° N, and longitudes thirteen° and 17° E. The 15th meridian east nearly corresponds to the middle line of the nation within the path west–east.